Know and love your Catholic Faith. THE SACRAMENT OF CONFESSION (A.K.A. OF PENANCE, OF RECONCILIATION). Compendium nos. 296-312

Know and love your Catholic Faith.
THE SACRAMENT OF CONFESSION
(A.K.A. OF PENANCE, OF RECONCILIATION, OF FORGIVENESS)
Compendium nos. 296-312

OUTLINE

  1. What is the name of this sacrament?
  2. Why is there a sacrament of Reconciliation after Baptism?
  3. When did he institute this sacrament?
  4. Do the baptized have need of conversion?
  5. What is interior penance?
  6. What forms does penance take in the Christian life?
  7. What are the essential elements of the sacrament of Reconciliation?
  8. What are the acts of the penitent?
  9. Which sins must be confessed?
  10. When is a person obliged to confess mortal sins?
  11. Why can venial sins also be the object of sacramental confession?
  12. Who is the minister of this sacrament?
  13. To whom is the absolution of some sins reserved?
  14. Is a confessor bound to secrecy?
  15. What are the effects of this sacrament?
  16. Can this sacrament be celebrated in some cases with a general confession and general absolution?
  17. What are indulgences?

 

296. What is the name of this sacrament?

It is called the sacrament of Penance, the sacrament of Reconciliation, the sacrament of Forgiveness, the sacrament of Confession, and the sacrament of Conversion.

297. Why is there a sacrament of Reconciliation after Baptism?

Since the new life of grace received in Baptism does not abolish the weakness of human nature nor the inclination to sin (that is, concupiscence), Christ instituted this sacrament for the conversion of the baptized who have been separated from him by sin.

298. When did he institute this sacrament?

The risen Lord instituted this sacrament on the evening of Easter when he showed himself to his apostles and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.” (John 20:22-23).

299. Do the baptized have need of conversion?

The call of Christ to conversion continues to resound in the lives of the baptized. Conversion is a continuing obligation for the whole Church. She is holy but includes sinners in her midst.

300. What is interior penance?

It is the movement of a “contrite heart” (Psalm 51:19) drawn by divine grace to respond to the merciful love of God. This entails

  • sorrow for and abhorrence of sins committed,
  • a firm purpose not to sin again in the future
  • and trust in the help of God.

It is nourished by hope in divine mercy.

301. What forms does penance take in the Christian life?

Penance can be expressed in many and various ways but above all in fasting, prayer, and almsgiving. These and many other forms of penance can be practiced in the daily life of a Christian, particularly during the time of Lent and on the penitential day of Friday.

302. What are the essential elements of the sacrament of Reconciliation?

The essential elements are two:

  • the acts of the penitent who comes to repentance through the action of the Holy Spirit,
  • and the absolution of the priest who in the name of Christ grants forgiveness and determines the ways of making satisfaction.

303. What are the acts of the penitent?

They are:

  • a careful examination of conscience;
  • contrition (or repentance), which is perfect when it is motivated by love of God and imperfect if it rests on other motives and which includes the determination not to sin again;
  • confession, which consists in the telling of one’s sins to the priest;
  • and satisfaction or the carrying out of certain acts of penance which the confessor imposes upon the penitent to repair the damage caused by sin.

304. Which sins must be confessed?

All grave sins not yet confessed, which a careful examination of conscience brings to mind, must be brought to the sacrament of Penance. The confession of serious sins is the only ordinary way to obtain forgiveness.

305. When is a person obliged to confess mortal sins?

Each of the faithful who has reached the age of discretion is bound to confess his or her mortal sins at least once a year and always before receiving Holy Communion.

306. Why can venial sins also be the object of sacramental confession?

The confession of venial sins is strongly recommended by the Church, even if this is not strictly necessary, because it helps us to form a correct conscience and to fight against evil tendencies. It allows us to be healed by Christ and to progress in the life of the Spirit.

307. Who is the minister of this sacrament?

Christ has entrusted the ministry of Reconciliation to his apostles, to the bishops who are their successors and to the priests who are the collaborators of the bishops, all of whom become thereby instruments of the mercy and justice of God. They exercise their power of forgiving sins in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

308. To whom is the absolution of some sins reserved?

The absolution of certain particularly grave sins (like those punished by excommunication) is reserved to the Apostolic See or to the local bishop or to priests who are authorized by them. Any priest, however, can absolve a person who is in danger of death from any sin and excommunication.

309. Is a confessor bound to secrecy?

Given the delicacy and greatness of this ministry and the respect due to people every confessor, without any exception and under very severe penalties, is bound to maintain “the sacramental seal” which means absolute secrecy about the sins revealed to him in confession.

310. What are the effects of this sacrament?

The effects of the sacrament of Penance are:

  • reconciliation with God and therefore the forgiveness of sins;
  • reconciliation with the Church; recovery, if it has been lost, of the state of grace;
  • remission of the eternal punishment merited by mortal sins, and remission, at least in part, of the temporal punishment which is the consequence of sin;
  • peace, serenity of conscience and spiritual consolation;
  • and an increase of spiritual strength for the struggle of Christian living.

311. Can this sacrament be celebrated in some cases with a general confession and general absolution?

In cases of serious necessity (as in imminent danger of death) recourse may be had to a communal celebration of Reconciliation with general confession and general absolution, as long as the norms of the Church are observed and there is the intention of individually confessing one’s grave sins in due time.

312. What are indulgences?

Indulgences are the remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven. The faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains the indulgence under prescribed conditions for either himself or the departed. Indulgences are granted through the ministry of the Church which, as the dispenser of the grace of redemption, distributes the treasury of the merits of Christ and the Saints.

LISTEN AS WELL TO THIS PODCAST FROM THE CATHOLIC BESTSELLER, “IN CONVERSATION WITH GOD”

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Advertisements

Top Posts & Pages

Archives

Categories

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,260 other followers

Follow Catholics Striving for Holiness on WordPress.com

Blog Stats

  • 1,218,666 hits

Instagram

ST. AUGUSTINE ON THE ASCENSION OF OUR LORD.. From a sermon by Saint Augustine, bishop (caps mine). Today our Lord Jesus Christ ascended into heaven; let our hearts ascend with him. Listen to the words of the Apostle: If you have risen with Christ, set your hearts on the things that are above where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God; seek the things that are above, not the things that are on earth. FOR JUST AS HE REMAINED WITH US EVEN AFTER HIS ASCENSION, SO WE TOO ARE ALREADY IN HEAVEN WITH HIM, even though what is promised us has not yet been fulfilled in our bodies. CHRIST IS NOW EXALTED ABOVE THE HEAVENS, BUT HE STILL SUFFERS ON EARTH ALL THE PAIN THAT WE, THE MEMBERS OF HIS BODY, HAVE TO BEAR. He showed this when he cried out from above: Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? and when he said: I was hungry and you gave me food. WHY DO WE ON EARTH NOT STRIVE TO FIND REST WITH HIM IN HEAVEN EVEN NOW, THROUGH THE FAITH, HOPE AND LOVE THAT UNITES US TO HIM? WHILE IN HEAVEN HE IS ALSO WITH US; AND WE WHILE ON EARTH ARE WITH HIM. HE IS HERE WITH US BY HIS DIVINITY, HIS POWER AND HIS LOVE. WE CANNOT BE IN HEAVEN, AS HE IS ON EARTH, BY DIVINITY, BUT IN HIM, WE CAN BE THERE BY LOVE. HE DID NOT LEAVE HEAVEN WHEN HE CAME DOWN TO US; NOR DID HE WITHDRAW FROM US WHEN HE WENT UP AGAIN INTO HEAVEN. The fact that he was in heaven even while he was on earth is borne out by his own statement: No one has ever ascended into heaven except the one who descended from heaven, the Son of Man, who is in heaven. These words are explained by our oneness with Christ, for he is our head and we are his body. No one ascended into heaven except Christ because we also are Christ: he is the Son of Man by his union with us, and we by our union with him are the sons of God. So the Apostle says: Just as the human body, which has many members, is a unity, because all the different members make one body, so is it also with Christ. He too has many members, but one body. OUT OF COMPASSION FOR US HE DESCENDED FROM HEAVEN, AND ALTHOUGH HE ASCENDED ALONE, WE ALSO ASCEND, BECAUSE WE ARE IN HIM BY GRACE. Thus, no one but Christ descended and no one but Christ ascended; not because there is n
TO MOTHER MARY AND ALL MOTHERS, OUR SINCERE GRATITUDE TO WHO YOU ARE AND ALL THE YOU DO!
OUR PRAYER FOR ALL MOTHERS. In some countries, especially in the Philippines. Mother's day will be celebrated this Sunday, May 13, 2018. Let us thank God with prayers and deeds for giving us the wonderful and irreplaceable gift of having our mother. Let us thank all mothers as well for all the love and sacrifice you have given us your children, but above all for the gift of life. Fr. Rolly Arjonillo
ASCENSION OF OUR LORD: THE GLORIFICATION OF THE SACRED HUMANITY OF CHRIST. "Now the Master is teaching his disciples: he has opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, and he appoints them witnesses of his life and his miracles, of his Passion and Death, and of the glory of his resurrection (Luke 24:45 and 48). Then he brings them out as far as the outskirts of Bethany and blesses them. And as he does so, he withdraws from them and is carried up to heaven (Luke 24:51) until a cloud takes him out of their sight (Acts 1:9). Jesus has gone to the Father. Two Angels in white garments approach us and say, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking up to heaven?” (Acts 1:11). Peter and the others go back to Jerusalem — cum gaudio magno — “with great joy” (Luke 24:52). It is fitting that the sacred humanity of Christ should receive the homage, the praise and adoration of all the hierarchies of the Angels and of all the legions of the Blessed in Heaven. But you and I feel like orphans: we are sad, and we go to Mary for consolation." -St. Josemaria, The Holy Rosary, 2nd Glorious Mystery
OUR SINCERE GRATITUDE AND PRAYERS TO MOTHER MARY AND TO ALL THE MOTHERS IN THE WORLD! O Mother of mothers, you are yourself one. Pray for, guide and protect all the mothers in the world, so that they may love their children in the same way you loved your Son, Our Lord Jesus Christ. HAPPY MOTHER’S DAY MOTHER MARY AND TO ALL OF YOU, DEAR MOMS! THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR LOVE AND SACRIFICE! WE LOVE YOU VERY MUCH! Fr. Rolly Arjonillo
HAPPY MOTHER'S DAY MOTHER MARY! OUR LADY OF FATIMA, PRAY FOR ALL THE MOTHERS, PRAY FOR US!
DAILY FATIMA PRAYER.
OUR PRAYER FOR ALL MOTHERS. As we prepare for Mothers' Day this year which falls on May 6 or 13, 2018, let us thank God with prayers and deeds for giving us the wonderful and irreplaceable gift of having our mother. Fr. Rolly Arjonillo
A WAY OF SHOWING YOUR LOVE TO OUR LADY FROM ST. PADRE PIO.
TOMORROW IS THE 1ST SATURDAY OF THE MONTH. Here is a short prayer to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. May we honor and love her, imitating her Son, Our Lord Jesus Christ, and as we do, let us pray for the conversion of many souls and in reparation for the sins of humanity. Fr. Rolly Arjonillo.
HUMILITY: NECESSARY TO PLEASE GOD. St Peter the Apostle speaks to us of the need to be humble if we are to please God. “Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for "God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble, 1 Pet 5:5.” Nothing can separate us from God as much as pride. • A heart that is filled with self-love has no room for God. • The holiness we seek can be summed up in the words that John the Baptist spoke of Christ: “He must increase, but I must decrease.” Our Lord's life must increase within us until we become "other Christs", and our intellect and our will, our powers and our affections, all we are and all we do, become entirely his. • Humility is essential if we are to achieve complete self-giving, and if we are to become channels by which God's grace can reach mankind. As St. Josemaria wrote: “Let us be humble. Let us seek nothing but the glory of God. Our life of silent and hidden self-giving should be a constant act of humility. Humility is the foundation for our whole life, the means and prerequisite for our effectiveness. Pride and vanity might attract us to the vocation of a Chinese lantern, which shines and sparkles for everyone to admire, but which lasts only one night and then goes out, leaving no trace behind. Vita vestra est abscondita cum Christo in Deo. (Your life is hidden with Christ in God. What God thinks, not what other people think, is what matters.” These words of St. Josemaria light up our whole life. • Without humility, everything we do would be sterile. If we allowed self-sufficiency and pride into our interior life, dialogue with God would be impossible. • In our apostolate, which should be based on friendship, pride would put a barrier between us and others, and make it impossible for us to help or understand them. • Our cheerfulness also depends on our being humble, because it is humility that enables us to lead an authentic existence, in which we aim to serve God and others, but without being worried about appearing less than perfect, and without letting our faults upset us. “Humility prevents us from becoming discouraged at our own faults. Our Father God knows what kind of clay w
BLESSED POPE PAUL VI ON MAY, THE MONTH OF MARY. “The month of May is … a month which the piety of the faithful has long dedicated to Mary, the Mother of God. Our heart rejoices at the thought of the moving tribute of faith and love which will soon be paid to the Queen of Heaven in every corner of the earth. For this is the month during which Christians, in their churches and their homes, offer the Virgin Mother more fervent and loving acts of homage and veneration; and it is the month in which a greater abundance of God's merciful gifts comes down to us from our Mother's throne. We are delighted and consoled by this pious custom associated with the month of May, which pays honor to the Blessed Virgin and brings such rich benefits to the Christian people. Since Mary is rightly to be regarded as the way by which we are led to Christ, the person who encounters Mary cannot help but encounter Christ likewise. For what other reason do we continually turn to Mary except to seek the Christ in her arms, to seek our Savior in her, through her, and with her? To Him men are to turn amid the anxieties and perils of this world, urged on by duty and driven by the compelling needs of their heart, to find a haven of salvation, a transcendent fountain of life.” Blessed Pope Paul VI, Enc. Mense Maio, nn. 1-2 CSFH PHOTO of La Virgen y el Niño, by Armando Pareja
ST. JOSEMARIA ON THE HOLY EUCHARIST Jesus has remained within the Eucharist for love... of you. He has remained, knowing how men would treat him... and how you would treat him. He has remained so that you could eat him, so that you could visit him and tell him what's happening to you; and so that you could talk to him as you pray beside the Tabernacle, and as you receive him sacramentally; and so that you could fall in love more and more each day, and make other souls, many souls, follow the same path. (The Forge, 887) The humility of Jesus: in Bethlehem, in Nazareth, on Calvary. But more humiliation and more self-abasement still in the Sacred Host: more than in the stable, more than in Nazareth, more than on the Cross. That is why I must love the Mass so much ('Our' Mass, Jesus...) (The Way, n. 533) When you approach the Tabernacle remember that he has been awaiting you for twenty centuries. (The Way, 537) There he is: King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, hidden in the Bread. To this extreme has he humbled himself through love for you. (The Way, 538) Jesus has remained in the Sacred Host for us so as to stay by our side, to sustain us, to guide us. And love can only be repaid with love. How could we not turn to the Blessed Sacrament each day, even if it is only for a few minutes, to bring him our greetings and our love as children and as brothers? (Furrow, 686) Go perseveringly to the Tabernacle, either bodily or in your heart, so as to feel safe and calm: but also in order to feel loved... and to love. (The Forge, 837) Keep struggling, so that the Holy Sacrifice of the Altar really becomes the centre and the root of your interior life, and so your whole day will turn into an act of worship — an extension of the Mass you have attended and a preparation for the next. Your whole day will then be an act of worship that overflows in aspirations, visits to the Blessed Sacrament and the offering up of your professional work and your family life. (The Forge, 69) Build up a gigantic faith in the Holy Eucharist. Be filled with wonder before this ineffable reality. We have God with us; we can receive him every day and, if we want to, we can speak intimately with him
TOMORROW IS THE FIRST FRIDAY OF THE MONTH (MAY 4, 2018). SHORT PRAYER OF CONSECRATION TO THE SACRED HEART. Sacred Heart of Jesus, filled with infinite love, broken by my ingratitude, pierced by my sins, yet loving me still, accept the consecration that I make to You, of all that I am and all that I have. Take every faculty of my soul and body, and draw me, day by day, nearer and nearer to Your Sacred Side, and there, as I can bear the lesson, teach me Your blessed ways. Amen.
GOD CALLS US ALL TO HOLINESS AND HE WILL GIVE US THE GRACE TO LIVE BY OUR MISSION. LET US HAVE RECOURSE TO THE SOURCES OF HIS GRACE. Pope Francis recently reminded us in Gaudete et exultate of our divince vocation to holiness. Yes, you and I as well, for "This is God's will, our sanctification" As such, we must not be afraid of holiness, but rather desire and strive for it, absolutely certain that God will provide us the graces we need in the means He has put within our reach: prayer, sacraments and sacrifice.Let us then have frequent recourse to the sources of His grace. Mother, Help of Christians, pray for us! Fr. Rolly Arjonillo.
SACRED HEART OF JESUS: SHORT PRAYER OF CONSECRATION.
Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: