ST. LUKE, EVANGELIST
Patron of Physicians
Dear Brethren in Christ, Happy Feast day of St. Luke! Let us thank God for giving us this saint who through God’s inspiration wrote one of the 4 Gospels.
A physician from Antioch, he was converted to the Christian faith. He was a disciple of St. Paul and a faithful companion in all his journeys. He was the author of the third Gospel and of the Acts of the Apostles.
According to the Introduction of the Navarre Gospels:
“The Muratorian Fragment, a second-century Christian document written in Latin, states that ‘The third book of the Gospel is that according to Luke. This Luke, a physician …, wrote down what he had heard, for … he had not known the Lord in the flesh, and having obtained such information as he could he began his account with the birth of John.’ (EB, 1)
St Jerome, around the year 400, writes in his book On famous men: ‘Luke, a physician from Antioch, who was familiar with Greek as can be seen from his writings, a follower of St Paul, who accompanied him on his journeys, wrote a Gospel (PL 23, 650.).’
And in his Commentariorum in Evangelium Matthaei libri quattuor he adds: ‘Thirdly, Luke, a physician, a native of Antioch in Syria, a disciple of the Apostle Paul, wrote his volume in Achaia and Boeotia; in this book he covered, with a broader perspective, some things contained in other books and, as he admits in his preface, he narrated things which he had heard about, not things which he had himself seen ( PL 26, 17f).’
Almost half of the content of St Luke’s Gospel is not to be found in the other Gospels. Among the important items exclusive to Luke are:
-his account of Jesus’ infancy (chapters 1 and 2);
– his setting of many episodes of our Lord’s public ministry within the framework of a long journey from Galilee to Jerusalem;
-14 and certain parables, such as for example those of the prodigal son (Lk 15:11-32), the unjust steward (Lk 16:1-13), and Lazarus and the rich man (Lk 19-3 1);
-and Luke is the only one who gives us an account of the appearance of the risen Jesus to the disciples at Emmaus (Lk 24: 13-35).”
Saint Luke the Evangelist is the patron saint of physicians, surgeons, students, artists, and butchers.
“Lord God, who chose Saint Luke to reveal by his preaching and writings the mystery of your love for the poor, grant that those who already glory in your Name may persevere as one heart and one soul, and that all nations may merit to see your salvation (Opening Prayer, Mass proper).”
Fr. Rolly Arjonillo, priest of Opus Dei, CATHOLICS STRIVING FOR HOLINESS
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ORIGINAL PHOTO SOURCE: Vladimir Borovikovsky, “St. Luke” Icon from the royal gates of the central iconostasis of the Kazan Cathedral in St.-Petersburgh. 73,5cm. The State Russian museum. St.-Petersburg. Russia in https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/St_Luke_the_Evangelist.jpg
SHORT PROFILE: Navarre Gospel of St. Luke, Introduction.